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Child Development & Parenting: Infants (0-2)
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Infant Development: How Your Baby Grows and MaturesInfant Parenting: Keeping Your Baby Healthy and HappyInfant Safety: Keeping Your Baby SafeInfant Enrichment: Stimulating Your Baby
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Baby Steps Head Off a Fussy EaterWhy It's Important to Boost Baby's Vocabulary NowDecoding Newborn's DNA Could Pinpoint Hidden RisksTeething Jewelry Linked to at Least One Baby's Death: FDAHealth Tip: Keep Toys SimpleNose Holds Clues to Baby's First ColdOpioids Exact Another Toll on Newborns: Smaller HeadsScans, Ultrasound Spot Zika Brain DefectsCost of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: $23,000 Annually Per CaseOld-Fashioned Play Beats Digital Toys for Kids, Pediatricians SayWhat's Best for Babies With Recurring Ear InfectionsEarly Language Skills Tied to Higher IQ Decades LaterCleaning Your Baby's Pacifier By Sucking On It May Do Baby GoodMany Infants With Milk Allergy Seem to Outgrow ItTracking Preemies' Head Size May Yield IQ CluesBreast Milk, Formula Affect Baby's 'Microbiome' in Different WaysYour 6-Month-Old Isn't Sleeping Through the Night? RelaxHealth Tip: Prevent Temper TantrumsBringing Baby in a Lyft, Uber? Child Car Seats Are Rarely IncludedA Baby's Laugh Is Truly Monkey BusinessHealth Tip: Ease Separation AnxietyNavigating New Parent NervesSoft Furniture No Cushion Against Falls for Young KidsAntibiotics During Infancy May Up Childhood Obesity RiskFamily Leave Boosts Breastfeeding Rates, But Mostly for Affluent MomsBreastfeeding May Shield Baby From Antibiotic-Resistant BacteriaExperts Sound Warning About 'Baby Boxes'Breast Milk May Boost Preemies' Brain DevelopmentNumber of Infants Born With Syphilis Reaches 20-Year High: CDCMilk Straight From Breast Best for Baby's WeightParents Fret Over Fussy Eaters - but What Works?Heart Defects, Sleep Apnea a Deadly Mix for InfantsHealth Tip: Prevent Diaper RashInfant Walkers Still Injuring Thousands of BabiesTalking to Baby Might Boost Middle School SuccessHealth Tip: Promote Play for Your ChildPediatricians Make Change to Child Car Seat GuidelinesNewborns' Immune Systems Ramp Up After BirthIs a Health Secret Hiding in Your Infant's Diapers?Health Tip: Your Toddler Can Be a VegetarianAre High-Tech Baby Monitors Worth It? Or Even Safe?Good News, Bad News in U.S. Breastfeeding ReportHealth Woes Hit 1 in 7 Babies Exposed to Zika in U.S. TerritoriesTo Combat Childhood Obesity, Start at Birth … or Even BeforeBreast-Feeding Suffers in Homes With Smokers: StudyHomeless Babies Face Lasting Health RisksHealth Tip: When Small Children Play Near WaterWhy Choo-Choo is Better for Baby's Language Skills Than TrainDrinking While Breast-Feeding May Dampen Child's Brain DevelopmentAre You Car Seat Savvy?
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Nutrients in Child's First 1,000 Days Key for Neurodevelopment


HealthDay News
Updated: Jan 22nd 2018

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MONDAY, Jan. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The provision of adequate nutrients and healthy eating during a child's first 1,000 days is important for optimal neurodevelopment, according to an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement published online Jan. 22 in Pediatrics.

Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, M.D., and Michael K. Georgieff, M.D., from the University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital in Minneapolis, address maternal prenatal nutrition and children's nutrition in the first two years of life (1,000 days) and its long-term impact.

The researchers note that nutritional status during this period may program child and adult health risks, including obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. Calories are essential for fetal and child growth, but are not adequate for normal brain development. Protein, zinc, iron, choline, folate, iodine, vitamins A, D, B6, and B12, and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids are key nutrients that support neurodevelopment. During the critical period of brain development, failure to provide key nutrients may result in lifelong deficits in brain function, despite subsequent repletion of nutrients. Pregnant and breastfeeding women, infants, and toddlers should be referred to existing services for nutrition support. All providers caring for children should advocate for healthy diets in the first 1,000 days.

"Prioritizing public policies that ensure the provision of adequate nutrients and healthy eating during this crucial time would ensure that all children have an early foundation for optimal neurodevelopment, a key factor in long-term health," the authors write.

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