Call 413.540.1234 to
schedule an appointment
CONCERN/EAP: 413.534.2625
Billing questions? Call: 413.540.1212
CRISIS: 413.733.6661

Child Development & Parenting: Infants (0-2)
Resources
Basic Information
Infant Development: How Your Baby Grows and MaturesInfant Parenting: Keeping Your Baby Healthy and HappyInfant Safety: Keeping Your Baby SafeInfant Enrichment: Stimulating Your Baby
More InformationLatest News
Swallowed Batteries Should Be Removed to Avoid Stomach Damage: StudyHealth Tip: Physical Milestones at Age OneWhat to Do When Your Child Throws a FitLow Birth Weight Babies a Worldwide ProblemQuieter NICUs a Good Rx for Premature BabiesHow to Soothe Baby's Teething Pain SafelyHow to Protect Your Child From ChokingNearly 700,000 Infant Rocking Sleepers Recalled Due to Infant DeathsBreast Milk Has Biggest Benefit for Preemies' Brains: StudyBabies Still Dying Due to Unsafe Sleep PracticesHealth Tip: Choosing a Car SeatHot-Car Deaths Hit Record High in 2018Newborn's 'Microbiome' Could Give Clues to Weight LaterKids' ER Visits for Swallowing Toys, Foreign Objects Have Doubled Since 1990sHealth Tip: Treating an Infant's FeverPediatricians' Group Calls for Recall of 'Rock 'n Play' Sleeper After Infant DeathsPreventing Kids' Food Allergies Starts in InfancyTen Infant Deaths Linked to Fisher-Price Rock 'N Play SleepersBaby-Led Eating: A Healthier ApproachIs That Medication Safe When Breastfeeding?Fussy Baby May Raise Mom's Risk of DepressionExposing Baby to Foods Early May Help Prevent AllergiesSmoking While Pregnant Sends SIDS Risk SoaringKeep Your Child Safe in Her High Chair6 Years: How Long New Parents Can Expect to Lose SleepHealth Tip: Choking Hazards for ChildrenFeatherlight, Wireless Sensors Let Parents Cuddle Their PreemiesPainless Ways to Limit Your Kids' Screen TimeBreastfeeding May Cut Kids' Eczema RiskScreen Time for the Very Young Has Doubled in 20 Years: StudyGlass-Fronted Fireplaces Pose Burn Dangers for KidsUp to 1 Hour of General Anesthesia Safe for Infants: StudyPumped Breast Milk Falls Short of Breastfed VersionHealth Tip: Signs of Vision Problems in InfantsClimate Change Could Bring More Infant Heart Defects: StudyOpioid Danger to Newborns Varies By RegionToo Much Screen Time a Damper on Child's DevelopmentHealth Tip: Talk to Your BabyIVF Won't Cause Birth Complications: StudyBaby Steps Head Off a Fussy EaterWhy It's Important to Boost Baby's Vocabulary NowDecoding Newborn's DNA Could Pinpoint Hidden RisksTeething Jewelry Linked to at Least One Baby's Death: FDAHealth Tip: Keep Toys SimpleNose Holds Clues to Baby's First ColdOpioids Exact Another Toll on Newborns: Smaller HeadsScans, Ultrasound Spot Zika Brain DefectsCost of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: $23,000 Annually Per CaseOld-Fashioned Play Beats Digital Toys for Kids, Pediatricians SayWhat's Best for Babies With Recurring Ear Infections
Questions and AnswersLinks
Related Topics

Child & Adolescent Development: Overview
Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses
Parenting
Child Development & Parenting: Early (3-7)
Child Development & Parenting: Middle (8-11)

Scans, Ultrasound Spot Zika Brain Defects

HealthDay News
by -- Robert Preidt
Updated: Dec 5th 2018

new article illustration

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasounds and MRIs during pregnancy and after birth can detect most Zika-related brain abnormalities in infants, researchers report.

If a woman is infected with the Zika virus during pregnancy, her child can be born with microcephaly and other severe brain defects, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

The new study included 80 women in Columbia and two women in the United States who were exposed to Zika during pregnancy. The two U.S. women were exposed when they traveled to areas with active Zika transmission.

All of the women received fetal MRIs and ultrasound during the second and/or third trimester of pregnancy. After their infants were born, the children received brain MRIs and cranial ultrasounds.

Fetal MRI was able to detect Zika-related brain damage as early as 18 weeks' gestation and picked up significant fetal brain abnormalities not fully apparent in ultrasound imaging.

"A combination of prenatal MRI and [ultrasound] was able to detect Zika-related brain abnormalities during pregnancy, giving families timely information to prepare for the potential complex care needs of these infants," said study lead author Dr. Sarah Mulkey. She's a fetal-neonatal neurologist at Children's National Health System in Washington, D.C.

Scans after birth revealed some brain defects not previously seen.

"In our study, we detected mild brain abnormalities on postnatal neuroimaging for babies whose imaging was normal during pregnancy. Therefore, it is important for clinicians to continue to monitor brain development for Zika-exposed infants after birth," Mulkey said in a Children's National news release.

The imaging "revealed that the majority of Zika-exposed fetuses had normal brain development. Tragically, in a small number of pregnancies, Zika-related brain abnormalities were quite severe," Mulkey said.

"Our data support the CDC's recommendation that cranial [ultrasound] be performed after Zika-exposed babies are born," Mulkey said. "In addition, there is clearly a need to follow these babies over time to gauge whether the brain anomalies we see in imaging affects language, motor and social skills."

The study was published online recently in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.

As of October 2018, nearly 2,500 pregnant women in the United States had laboratory-confirmed Zika infection, and about 2,400 of them had given birth, according to the CDC. More than 100 U.S. infants have been born with Zika-associated birth defects, but most Zika-exposed U.S. infants were seemingly normal at birth.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on Zika and pregnancy.